Logical Fallacies

The Logical Fallacies Skills Facilitator Guide is a collection of step-by-step instructions for teaching 26 cognitive skills activities (379 minutes) to groups of youth and adults.

The point of a logical argument is to give reasons in support of a conclusion. An argument commits a fallacy when the reasons offered do not support the conclusion. When arguing with someone in an attempt to get at an answer or an explanation to a theory, you may come across a person who makes logical fallacies. Such discussions may prove futile. You might try asking for evidence and independent confirmation or provide another hypothesis that gives a better or simpler explanation. If this fails, try to pinpoint the problem of your arguer's position. You might spot the problem of logic that prevents further exploration and attempt to inform your arguer of his or her fallacy. Activity Titles

  1. Fallacies in Over-Generalizations
  2. Jumping to Conclusions
  3. Questionable Conclusions
  4. Give ‘Em An Inch and They’ll Take a Mile
  5. The Domino Effect
  6. Fallacies in Superstitions
  7. Sidestepping the Issue
  8. Red Herrings
  9. Name Calling
  10. Popular Opinion Argument
  11. Appealing to Tradition
  12. False Authority
  13. Oversimplification: There’s More to the Problem
  14. False Dilemmas
  15. Circular Argument
  16. Appealing to the Crowd
  17. Get on the Bandwagon
  18. Absolving Yourself
  19. Two Wrong Do Not Make a Right
  20. What Is True for the Whole Is Not Necessarily True for the Parts
  21. Speculation
  22. Fear Affects Our Logic
  23. Fear as a Tool
  24. Straw Man Position
  25. Analogies
  26. Exaggerated Analogies


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